Original Paris Agreement

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Original Paris Agreement

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The Paris Agreement is a landmark international treaty that addresses climate change and seeks to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. It was adopted by 196 parties at the 21st Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Paris, France, in December 2015. However, before the Paris Agreement, there was the original Paris Agreement of 1997, which laid the foundation for the current climate change negotiations.

The original Paris Agreement, also known as the Kyoto Protocol, was adopted in Kyoto, Japan, in December 1997. It was a legally binding agreement that set targets for 37 industrialized countries and the European Union to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. The agreement was based on the principles of the UNFCCC, which recognized the historical responsibility of developed countries for the current levels of greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere.

The Kyoto Protocol aimed to reduce the emissions of six greenhouse gases: carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride. The targets set by the agreement varied by country, with the European Union committed to reducing its emissions by 8% below 1990 levels between 2008 and 2012, while Japan committed to reducing its emissions by 6%.

The Kyoto Protocol also established three market mechanisms to help countries meet their targets: emissions trading, joint implementation, and the clean development mechanism. Emissions trading allowed countries to buy and sell emissions credits, while joint implementation allowed countries to invest in emissions reduction projects in other countries. The clean development mechanism encouraged developed countries to invest in emissions reduction projects in developing countries.

The Kyoto Protocol was widely regarded as a significant step towards addressing climate change, but it had its limitations. Notably, it did not include emissions reduction targets for developing countries, which were responsible for the majority of global emissions growth in the 21st century. Additionally, the United States, the world`s second-largest greenhouse gas emitter at the time, did not ratify the agreement, citing concerns over the potential impact on its economy.

The original Paris Agreement built on the Kyoto Protocol by expanding its scope and setting more ambitious targets. Unlike the Kyoto Protocol, the Paris Agreement included emissions reduction targets for both developed and developing countries, and it aimed to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.

In conclusion, the original Paris Agreement, or the Kyoto Protocol, was a significant milestone in the global effort to address climate change. It set legal targets for emissions reductions and established market mechanisms to help countries meet those targets. However, the agreement had limitations, and it was eventually replaced by the more comprehensive and ambitious Paris Agreement of 2015. Both agreements play an essential role in the ongoing global effort to mitigate the impact of climate change.